This workshop is the third of its kind at IDC. During the first and second workshops at IDC 2008 in Chicago and at IDC 2009 in Como, about 40 people discussed the question on how ICT can take effect as an enabler for the integration and active participation of young people with difficult backgrounds. Among the participants, it became clear that the discussion and concerns about those who are marginalized and excluded from power and efficacy with respect to mainstream society and technology should become a major and long-lasting subject at IDC, and a significant field of research and development.
What does it mean to be “marginalized”?
Marginalization can be defined as not belonging to the mainstream culture, and thus lacking the “social capital” to partake from the benefits of a society and to have an effect on its culture. Reasons might be found in poverty, lack of competences in mainstream language and/or culture, or lack of motivation. These are main factors for exclusion of young people from full participation in societies and cultures.
ICT solutions can be seen as providers of social cohesion and integration, as a means for inclusion. Young people adapt quickly to new technologies and they often seem to live in both the physical and the virtual world. Still, big differences exist in what youngsters are doing with digital media, which devices and software they preferably use, and which kinds of individual or social experiences they carry on with them. New kinds of digital divides are arising among the young generation, which does not only result from having no or limited access to ICT, but is produced by “remaining only a user” vs. “becoming a critical and competent actor” who can exploit virtual experiences order to increase his or her cultural, social and economic capital.
From an ICT perspective, a crucial question with respect to the integration of marginalized young people is how the technology can be designed and used to enable marginalized young people in bringing their social capital into society, developing their creativity, intellectual skill, or social attitudes, and acquiring key competences.
Key issues that will be discussed in this workshop are:
- What are the characteristics and conditions for social exclusion in respect to ICT?
- How do young people become able to integrate their experiences with digital media,
by applying their virtual experiences to their real world, and vice versa?
- How can ICT design processes be organized in order to promote participation of
marginalized young people?
- Which socio-technological environments are more suitable to foster curiosity and
interest in this target group, and to achieve real benefits?
- Is there any “proof” of what kind of products, interfaces, and ICT mediated
“experiences” are more suitable to promote inclusion and integration of
Main questions that will be raised are:
- How does the digital divide among young people develop between rich and poor
nations, what measures and good practices are known from developing countries?
- What are the main factors of exclusion from creative shaping and active use of ICT by
- Which theoretical concepts (explaining marginalization and fostering new solutions)
can be exploited for the field of digital media?
- How can technologies elicit young people’s creativity, reflectivity, self-expression
- How can ICT solutions be designed to support young people with
different backgrounds, especially the poor, the culturally excluded, and young
people with lack of motivation for learning?
- What qualities of technologies can help to involve different social groups and
position them as valuable members of the community?
- How can digital technologies support engaging experiences with the physical spaces
and places where young people are living and sharing the meaning of their experiences
- How can we envision contexts where ICTs can be introduced, embedded, and actively
shaped by young people?
- How can we design educational opportunities that will be engaging for the creation and
sharing of experiences, and foster playful learning experiences for young people at
risk of exclusion?
- Are there success stories and best practices to tell?
- Do informed and reliable empirical studies exist on the impact of ICT on young
- How can we address infrastructure issues (e.g., unreliable electrical supply, remote locations)?
- How can we address localization issues?
- What are the best ways to collaborate with experts and stakeholders who belong to marginalized groups?
- What are the commonalities and differences in the challenges we face?
During this workshop, the views on the field are taken from different perspectives:
- Empirical research on marginalized young people’s activities with ICT
- Theoretical insights in special (technological and social) conditions of the field
- Design methodologies in developing technologies for the target group
- Embedding media technologies in the field
- Best practices
- Evaluation of prototypes, products, projects, and practices
Through this workshop, we aim at fostering the creation of a multidisciplinary
community that can understand the above issues and develop innovative technological
and methodological solutions. For this purpose, we will make sure to involve
participants with a variety of backgrounds.
Some results expected from this event are:
- A multi-perspective reflection (e.g., from a technological, educational, social, or
psychological view point) on benefits and drawbacks of the intense, pervasive,
and ubiquitous use of ICT by the younger generation in marginalized contexts,
supported by case studies and empirical investigations.
- An investigation into the phenomenon of “young people's digital divide” and possible
directions for “inclusion through ICT” of marginalized young people
- The creation, for all participants, of new contacts and new opportunities for
collaboration in common activities.