+ Slide 11

Part of a talk delivered to the ITU Workshop on ... issues in E-Government, June 6, 2003, Geneva
by Douglas W. Jones
THE UNIVERSITY OF IOWA Department of Computer Science


A Brief History of Voting Systems


Mechanical Voting Machines

Punched Card Voting Machines

Optical Mark-Sense Voting Systems

Direct Recording Electronic Voting Systems


Change has been driven by:

    Cost of election administration

    Speed of result tabulation

    Public scandals resulting from
        fraud and
        careless election administration

    Technological change