Assignment 6, due Feb 28

Part of the homework for 22C:122/55:132, Spring 2003
by Douglas W. Jones
THE UNIVERSITY OF IOWA Department of Computer Science

Always, on every assignment, please write your name legibly as it appears on your University ID and on the class list!

  1. Consider the following data structure, described informally: Assume that field offsets in structures are small integers (less than 256), and that the integer i is already loaded in some register. With reference to the notes on the machines indicated, estimate (with reasonable certanty), the number of machine instructions, and the number of bytes of instruction space that it would take to implement the statement
    	P->X[5] = 7
    on each of the following machines:

    a) the IBM System 360.

    b) the DEC PDP-11.

    c) the DEC VAX.

    Note that the emphasis of this problem is not on the assembly language of the machine, simple numeric answers, if they are correct, will be granted full credit; partial credit will depend on how effectively you document how you got your answers.

  2. What constants can you load into the accumulator of a PDP-8 in a single instruction cycle without any memory references and with no change in meaning from one model to another? The notes give two examples, the microcoded combinations of CLA IAC to load 1, and CLA CML RTL to load 2; there are many more. Give the constants as signed decimal numbers, and for each, show the symbolic instruction that loads it (using a notation such as that suggested by CLA IAC if microcoding is involved).

  3. Given the microcoded instructions (opcode group 7) of the PDP-8 and the basic TAD, ADD and ISZ instructions of that machine, and the fact that all of these instructions can be executed quickly, without the need for multiple microcycles once any indirection is done, propose the data paths (multiplexors, inverters, adders, etc) connecting the ALU of this machine to the memory data register, the memory data bus, the accumulator and the link bit. Clearly identify the control signals to this, with an emphasis on allowing all of these instructions to be easily implemented.

    (Note: All PDP-8 models prior to 1975 or so were based on core memory, where all reads from core involved destructive read, and therefore, where the full memory cycle for a read involved read followed immediately by write; therefore, there was a memory data register to hold the value just read so it could be re-written, and the read-modify-write cycle of the ISZ instruction did took only a tiny amount of extra time compared to a normal read.)